Physical Features.

Daryapur tahsil is the western tahsil of AmravatI district, with an area of 1,307.95 km.2 (505 square miles). Daryapur was formerly a tahsil of Acalpur district but was incorporated with the rest of that district in AmravatI in August, 1905. The tahsil contains 277 villages out of which two are towns, viz., Anjanganv and Daryapur, the latter of which is the headquarters of the tahsil. Of these, 23 villages are uninhabited. The tahsil lies in the fertile Payinghat valley, being bounded on the west and the south by the Akot, Akola and Murtizapur tahsils of Akola district, on the east by the AmravatI tahsil and on the north partly by the extensive jungles of Melghat tahsil and partly by Acalpur tahsil. Daryapur presents to the eye an almost perfectly level plain with only a slight inclination towards the south, unbroken by hills. In consequence of the very gentle fall southwards in the direction of the Purna river the soil is able to retain the monsoon showers for a longer time than if the surface had been more undulating or the slope greater, and the effect is an increased amount of ferti-lity. Some parts of the tahsil contain large mango groves, and there are several valuable babul forests. The Purna, the Candra-bhaga, the Sahnur and the Bordi flow from north to south. The supply of water in the first of these is perennial, and in the others there is flowing water until late in the hot weather, large pools remaining till the onset of the rains. These streams are of great importance to the tahsil for the well-water is generally very brackish and hence river water is preferred by the inhabitants for drinking. At times the villagers find great difficulty during the hot weather when the rivers practically dry up and potable water strikes only at great depths, which makes the digging of wells very costly. They are of little use agriculturally except in the capacity of channels for draining the land. Except in the immediate proximity of the larger rivers where the surface soil is much cut up and is mixed with gravel and otherwise impoverished by the yearly monsoon floods, the soils of the tahsil are of a very superior moisture and are capable of producing rich crops for a succession of years without any artificial assistance.


The 1961 Census indicates the population figures for the tahsil as 174,397 as against 145,890 in 1951.


The crops grown in the tahsil are cotton, jovar, wheat, linseed, tur, rice and gram. Betel leaves grown here, though on a small scale, have some local reputation.


For purposes of land records, the tahsil has been divided into four Revenue Inspectors' circles with headquarters at Khallar, Darya-pur, Anjanganv and Aduha. It constitutes a single police circle under an Inspector and contains four station houses, each under a Sub-Inspector.