Candur tahsil is the south-eastern tahsil of Amravati district lying between 200 31' and 21° 13' N. and 77' 40' and 78° 18' E. with an area of 1,797.46 kin2'. (694 sq. miles). It was formerly designated as Taleganv tahsil from the old tahsil town of that name which was most inconveniently situated at the extreme south. On the completion of the railway line Candur was selected by virtue of its being on the line and the name of the tahsil was altered accordingly, transferring, at the same time, some of the southern villages to Yavatmal. The tahsil at present contains 299 villages and two towns, including two villages which are wholly included in Government forest. The tahsil is bounded on the west by the Amravati tahsil, on the south by Darwha and Yavatmal tahsils of Yavatmal district, on the east by the Wardha district and on the north by the Morsi tahsil. It lies in the Payanghat or central valley of Berar and in the valley of the Wardha river which bounds it on the east, but the uniform fertility of these two tracts its varied by the aridity of a low range of rocky hills which rises in the vicinity of Amravati and extends eastward along the railway line for some distance beyond Candur station. These hills and a smaller range in the extreme south-west are of a rocky and barren nature forming a sharp contrast to the general fertility of the tahsil; and the villages in the vicinity where the soil is shallow are very much dependent on timely rainfall for the yield of good crops. The tahsil consists of an undulating plain sloping from west to east covered for the most part with black alluvial soil varying in depth from a few inches on the tops of the ridges to many feet in the low lying areas. The eastern portion lying in the valley of the Wardha river is by far the richest. The drainage of the country is from west to east in the direction of the Wardha, the only river of importance. Besides the tahsil is also drained by two more rivers, the Bemla and the Kholat, which are not of any great magnitude. They are not perennial and although they form a fair sized river after their confluence, still during the hot weather water is only met with in pools. These rivers after entering the tahsil flow in a south-easterly direction and leave it at their confluence a few miles to the south of Taleganv the combined stream under the same direction in the Yavatmal tahsil empties itself in the Wardha river.
The population of the tahsil according to the 1961 Census is
197.003 persons. Agriculture is the chief occupation, the bulk of the population being dependent upon it. A very small section of the population is engaged in various crafts and trades but these are in most cases subsidiary occupations. The tahsil contains the two towns of Candur and Dattapur Dhamanganv both of which arc municipal towns and 297 villages out of which 55
are uninhabited. Besides the above-mentioned towns there are
the following 13 villages which contain more than 2,000
inhabitants viz., Tivasa, Taleganv Thakur, Mozri, Sirajganv,
Warha. Kurha, Anjansingi, Amla. Malkhed, Palaskhed, Mangrul Dastagir. Taleganv Dasasar and Ghuikhed and 33 villages exceeding 1.000 people.
Cotton and jovar are by far the most important crops. Rabi cultivation is not of importance here. There is practically no poltisthal irrigation whether from streams, tanks and even that from wells (molasthal) has declined considerably. In 1963-64 the demand on account of land revenue and cesses amounted to Rs. 8.37.581 but the actual collection made during the same year according to treasury figures amounted to Rs. 695,336.
For purposes of land records the tahsil has been divided into four revenue circles having headquarters at Tivasa. Dhamanganv, Candur and Taleganv Dasasar. It constitutes one police circle under an inspector and 6 police stations each under a sub-inspector at Tivasa, Kurha. Candur. Dattapur, Mangrul Dastagir, and Taleganv Dasasar. The tahsil has two development blocks one at Candur and the other at Tivasa.