AMRAVATI

GENERAL

SITUATION

[The section on geography (pp. 1-11) is contributed by Prof. K. Ramamurthy, Department of Geography, University of Poona.]

AMRAVATI DISTRICT LIES BETWEEN- 20 32' AND 21 46' NORTH  LATITUDE AND 76 37' AND 78 27' EAST LONGITUDE. It occupies an area of 12,149.7 square kilometres and has a population of 1.232,780, with 13 towns and 1,968 villages including 359 which are uninhabited according to the census of 1961. This district in the Nagpur Division is situated right in the centre of the northern border of the Maharashtra State. It is bounded on the north by Madhya Pradesh, for the greater part by Betul district, Nimar and Chhindwada on the north-west and northeast having a lesser extent of common boundaries with the district. It is bounded on the east by the Nagpur and Wardha districts and on the south and south-west by the districts of Yeotmal, Akola and Buldhana. The name of the district is taken from that of the headquarters' town and is said to have been derived from the temple of Ambadevi situated there. The name Amravati meaning the abode of Immortals may also be traced from its association with Lord Krishna. The details of total area, cultivated area, the density of population and towns and villages are given in table No. 1.

TABLE No. 1

AREA AND POPULATION OF AMRAVATI DISTRICT IN 1961.

Name of the tahsil

Total area in square kilometres

Total cultivated area in square kilometres

Number of villages

Number of towns

Total Population

Density per square kilometre of total area

Density per square kilometre of cultivated area

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)

Melghat

4,004.1

315.2

323

1

72,779

18

231

Achalpur

1,269.1

1,034.8

312

3

209,189

165

202

Morshi

1,613.6

1,168.9

331

3

196,705

122

168

Daryapur

1,307.9

1,172.4

269

2

174,397

133

149

Amravati

2,157.5

1,737.2

434

2

382,707

177

220

Chandur

1,7975,

l,337.6

299

2

197,003

110

147

District Total

12,149 7

6,765.9

1,9688

13

1,232,780

102

182

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