Takerkhera.-Amraoti taluk, is about 14 miles from Amraoti and about 3 miles to the west of the pakka road to Chandur Bazar, population 2,260, houses 472. It has a police station in charge of Sub-Inspector, a sub-registry, a vernacular school and a branch post office. A bazar is held on Tuesdays.
Talegaon Dashasar.-A corruption of the Sanskrit Dasha Sahasra. Houses 1,511, population 6,220, at one time the largest town in the Chandur taluk, formerly contained the tahsili which has been removed to Chandur on account of the latter being on the line of railway. Talegaon is now greatly decayed but the ruins of many fine houses and temples attest its former prosperity, one of the best known of its relics being the dargah of Fakir Shah Abdul Latif which is supported by a grant of land from the Emperor Shah Jahan.
" The origin of its nickname, Dasha Sahasra (Talegaon of
the pumpkin, it might be called), is peculiar, but not very
credible. The legend runs thus:-The wife of the jagirdar
and the wife of a wealthy merchant went to market one day.
Now it happened on this particular day that an uncommonly
fine pumpkin was exposed for sale. It attracts the notice
of both simultaneously. Their mouths water. They both
admire it, both desire it, and finally both try to outbid each
other for it. The merchant's wife, in all the pride of wealth,
determines to have it at any price; the dignity of the jagirdar's
wife forbids her giving way. The price rises rapidly. One
hundred is a trifle. So is five. A thousand is reached, and the
pair get warm to their work. So they quickly bid up to five
thousand, and from that to ten thousand, at which price it is
ultimately knocked down. The legend unfortunately leaves us
in the dark as to who carried off the prize, but it is currently
believed that the merchant's wife was the victor." In memory
of this exciting but bloodless contest the town was dubbed
" Dasha Sahasra," which being translated (from the Sanskrit)
means ten thousand. A more probable derivation is from
the numbers of inhabitants in the time of its prosperity.
To-day Talegaon has a cotton gin, and hand-worked spinning
and weaving frames which produce rough yarn and cloth
used by the poorer classes. It contains a police station, post
office, dispensary, and Government Anglo-Marathi and
Talegaon Khar.-Amraoti taluk, houses 398, population 1,932, a village lying between Balgaon Jagir and Kholapur, with a combined post office and Marathi school to which an English class supported by local subscriptions has been added.
The water is very brackish, and the distinguishing name " Khar " is taken from the old salt wells which used formerly to be worked here. In the patel's house, a small building not otherwise noticeable, is some handsome old blackwood carving.
Talegaon Thakur.-Taluk Chandur, houses 700, population 2,859, is only mentioned to distinguish it from the more important town of the same name Talegaon Dashasar. The name Thakur is taken from a Rajput family who hold the patelki of this and a few neighbouring villages (v. Mojhari). They are very well-to-do and have considerable influence locally.
Tapti River.-The article on the Tapti river is a reprint from the draft article for the Imperial Gazetteer.]-One of the great rivers of Western India. The name is derived from tap, heat,
and the Tapti is said by the Brahmans to have been created by the sun to protect himself from his own warmth. The Tapti is believed to rise in the sacred tank of Multai (multapi, the source of the Tapti) on the Satpura plateau, but its real source is two miles distant (21° 48' N. and 78°15' E). It flows in a westerly direction through the Betul District, at first traversing an open and partially cultivated plain, and then plunging into a rocky gorge of the Satpura hills between the Kalibhit range in Hoshangabad and Chikalda in Berar. It touches the northern boundary of the Melghat taluk, 3 miles to the east of Melghat ferry and runs along the border for about 30 miles. During this course it receives the Kapra, Sipna and Garga rivers which take their rise in the Gawilgarh hills. Its bed here is rocky, overhung by steep banks, and bordered by forests. At a distance of 120 miles from its source it enters the Nimar District, and for 30 miles more is still confined in a comparatively narrow valley. A few miles above Burhanpur, the valley opens out, the Satpura hills receding north, and south, and opposite that town the river valley has become a fine rich basin of alluvial soil about 20 miles wide. In the centre of this tract the Tapti flows between the towns of Burhanpur and Zainabad, and then passes into the Khandesh District of Bombay. In
its tipper valley are several basins of exceedingly rich soil, but they have long been covered by forest, and it is only lately that the process of clearing them for cultivation has been undertaken.
Shortly after entering the Khandesh District the Tapti
receives on the left bank the Purna
from the hills of Berar, and then
flows for about 150 miles through a broad and fertile valley,
bounded on the north by the Satpuras, and on the south by
the Satmalas. Further on the hills close in, and the river
descends through wild and wooded country for about 80
miles, after which it sweeps southwards to the sea through
the alluvial plain of Surat, and is a tidal river for the last 30
miles of its course. The banks (30 to 60 feet) are too high
for irrigation, and the bed is crossed at several places by
ridges of rock; hence the river is only navigable for about
20 miles from the sea. The Tapti runs so near the foot of
the Satpuras, that its tributaries on the right bank are small,
but on the left bank after its junction with the Purna, it
receives through the Girna (150 miles long) the drainage of
the hills of Baglan, and through the Bori, the Panjhra and
the Borai, that of the northern buttress of the Western
Ghats. The waters of the Girna and Panjhra are dammed
up in several places and used for irrigation. On the lower
course of the Tapti, floods are not uncommon, and have at
times done much damage to the city of Surat. The river is
crossed at Bhusawal by the Jubbulpore branch of the Great
Indian Peninsula Railway, at Savalda by the Bombay-Agra
road; and at Surat by the Bombay-Baroda and Central India
Railway. The Tapti has a local reputation for sanctity, the
chief tirthas or holy places being Changdev, at the confluence
with the Purna, and Bodhan above Surat. The Fort of
Talner and the city of Surat are the places of most historic
note on its course, the total length of which is 436 miles.
The port of Swally (Suwali), famous in early European
commerce with India, and the scene of a sea-fight between
the British and the Portuguese lay at the mouth of the
river, but is now deserted, its approaches having been silted up.
Thugaon.-Amraoti taluk, population 3,384, houses 696, 14 miles from Amraoti, about a mile to the west of the Ellichpur road. There are country liquor, opium and ganja shops, a pound, a vernacular school, and a branch post office. The bazar day is Friday.
Tiosa.-Taluk Chandur, in houses and 1,182 inhabitants Ramratan Ganeshdas Marwari, who has a house here and is a member of the Amraoti Bench of Magistrates, has built a temple to Balaji, at a cost of about fifteen thousand rupees. In the famine he gave a thousand rupees to local relief. He has a large moneylending business in the neighbourhood. The soil of Tiosa is very rich, and had tempted the people to disregard rotation; cotton being sown every year, as yet without any perceptible deterioration in the crop. The place has a police station and a sub-registrar's office.